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Nozomi (Planet B)

The Japanese Institute of Space and Aeronautical Science launched the Nozomi spacecraft to Mars on July 3, 1998. Originally named "Planet-B," the probe was renamed "Nozomi" which is Japanese for "Hope."

Nozomi was designed to study the Martian upper atmosphere and its interaction with the solar wind. Unfortunately, a number of problems, beginning with a malfunctioning valve, prevented the spacecraft from entering orbit around Mars.


  • Mars (Miscellaneous)

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